DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR MODELS FOR HIGHER ENERGY CALCULATIONS
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
Two nuclear models for higher energy calculations have been developed in the regions of high and low energy transfer, respectively. In the former, a relativistic hybrid-type preequilibrium model is compared with data ranging from 60 to 800 MeV. Also, the GNASH exciton preequilibrium-model code with higher energy improvements is compared with data at 200 and 318 MeV. In the region of low energy transfer, nucleon-nucleus scattering is predominately a direct reaction involving quasi-elastic collisions with one or more target nucleons. We discuss various aspects of quasi-elastic scattering which are important in understanding features of cross sections and spin observables. These include 1) contributions from multi-step processes; 2) damping of the continuum response from 2p-2h excitations; 3) the "optimal" choice of frame in which to evaluate the nucleon-nucleon amplitudes; and 4) the effect of optical and spin-orbit distortions, which are included in a model based on the RPA the DWIA and the eikonal approximation.
KEYWORDS: high-energy nucleon-nucleus, preequilibrium, quasi-elastic models